Philosophical and research aspects of diversity
[Diverzita vo filozofickom a vyskumnom ponati]
The study analyzes diversity in pedagogy, philosophical fundamentals influencing this reality more significantly in the twentieth century. It limits the equity in the educational reality as a challenge for reflection of the diversity in education and analyzes the diversity as a construct of studies carried out in pedagogy with an overview of the chosen conclusions. It focuses on the aspects of pedagogical diversities of pupils’ population, mainly in the language, culture and ethnical heterogeneity as well as heterogeneity in the level of cognitive presumptions, mental abilities, and personal qualities, diagnostics of the pupils’ diversity as the source for selecting appropriate pedagogical measurements.
Key words: diversity, equity, inclusion, differentiation, heterogeneity in educational environment, diversity in teacher´s point of view, diversity in tertiary education