An ethnographic approach to oral assessment in French as a foreign language
[Une approche ethnographique de l’évaluation de l’oral en français langue étrangère]
Yiru Xu − Hsin-I Lee
The present article proposes a methodological discussion about oral evaluation in the domain of French as a foreign language. We adopt an ethnographic perspective which aims at observing, understanding, interpreting and analyzing the phenomena which take place during a sequence in order to identify the interactional and contextual characteristics of the situation. This situation requires, a series of preparations regarding choice and access to the terrain, on-site observation, recording method, researcher attitude and data processing. This methodological approach also allows us to nourish a reflection on this foreign language pedagogical context.
Key words: oral evaluation, ethnographic approach, terrain, foreign language teaching