Strategies and tactics of verbal countermanipulation
Marina V. Petrova
The paper investigates two strategies and four tactics of verbal countermanipulation in Russian language discourse with the help of discourse analysis. The author provides a definition of the term “countermanipulation” and the description of linguistic characteristics of two strategies and four tactics of countermanipulation based on the analysis of the material taken from various sources (TV debates, radio discussions, etc.). The results show that verbal countermanipulation and its strategies and tactics need to be further examined on a deeper linguistic level with analysis of a larger amount of language material.
Key words: verbal countermanipulation, defence against manipulation, strategy, tactic, discourse analysis