Russian liberal historiography and European philosophical thought in the late 19th century and early 20th century: Man in the space of culture
Tatyana Ivanovna Sidnenko – Primoz Repar – Sergey A. Polevoy – Elena V. Shamalov – Nina I. Kryukova
The article considers the ideological and theoretical legacy of liberal historians of the late XIX – XX centuries in the context of the study of the main philosophical trends of this period. The purpose of the article is to highlight the current ideas about the influence of positivism, neo-Kantianism and Marxism on Russian liberal historiography, and to identify the main trends in the history of studying the problem. Based on the comparison of the experience of reforming the historical science of the last century with modern requirements and principles of development, the analysis of the main trends in the formation of innovative projects by P. G. Vinogradov, N. I. Kareev, A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky, P. N. Milyukov, I. M. Grevs, D. M. Petrushevsky is presented. Of particular relevance is the appeal to the discussions of St. Petersburg historians, whose scientific and pedagogical activities in the field of conceptual and methodological updating of historical science in Russia had a global character. The so-called cognitive model of knowledge development in society in critical epochs, which has found its embodiment in the pedagogical practice of scientists, is still relevant today.
Key words: European philosophical thought, Russia, liberal historiography, human personality
Pages: 206 - 215