Historical and philosophical foundations of A. Schopenhauer’s philosophy
Amrekul Abuov – Aktoty Raimkulova – Raikhan Doszhan – Gulsaya Kuttybekkyzy – Ulbossyn Aimbetova
This paper considers the evolution and origins of Schopenhauer’s philosophy, analyzing its main topics, and concepts that appear in the manuscripts of the thinker, as well as the role that Schopenhauer’s assimilation of the concepts and terminology of other thinkers played in the development of his ideas. As a result of our study, we made conclusions about the decisive influence on the design of the Schopenhauer system of philosophies of Kant, Fichte, Schelling, Schulze, as well as (to a much lesser extent) the works of some writers of German romanticism. One of the main results of the research was the opportunity to highlight several stages of the development of Schopenhauer’s philosophy, during which it changed, having been influenced by earlier philosophical concepts. This study helps to Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy within its historical context. Thus, it contributes to a more detailed development of relevant topics not only in relation to Schopenhauer proper but also in relation to the reception history of German classical philosophy and the very composition of its “pantheon.” In addition, the work dispels many misconceptions regarding the genesis of Schopenhauer’s philosophy and refutes the idea of its independence from the systems of his contemporaries. Finally, the results of this research help to genetically clarify many inconsistencies and contradictions in the concept of a mature Schopenhauer through the disclosure of the belonging of different elements of the corresponding concepts to the various stages of the formation of Schopenhauer’s thought.
Key words: Schopenhauer, Kant, German classical philosophy
Pages: 270 - 278