Axiological linguistics and teaching of Russian as a foreign language in the context of distance learning against the backdrop of the pandemic
Vera Levina – Svetlana Zubanova – Andrey Ivanov
The study examines the adaptation of foreigners to cultural values when learning the Russian language. The study defines axiology and the axiological sphere, focuses on the axiological component in the linguistic picture of the world, considers the role of a foreign language as a tool for the axiological background development. The relevance of the axiological approach to teaching the Russian for Foreigners course to foreign students in the context of both distance and blended learning is considered with due regard to the relevance of this type of education in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research took place at the Institute of Foreign Languages, Foreign languages department I-11, Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), and the Department of the Russian Language No. 1, Peoples Friendship University of Russia. A descriptive method and the method of interpretation analysis have been applied. The methods of linguistic integration of students into the Russian sociocultural environment have also been applied. The results were tracked based on monitoring and testing technologies, information and computer technologies, and the analysis of the educational activity. The capabilities of the Moodle platform were also used; the axiological phraseology tasks were created in the Hot Potatoes program. The experiment was carried out during 6 months of 2017/2018 and 2018/19 preparation courses. A total of 260 students were involved in the experiment; a control group of 150 students was formed. An approach to studying Russian as a foreign language focused on introducing the values to foreign students and teaching them the cultural characteristics of Russia has been developed. The analysis of the development of language and cultural skills of foreign students in the control and experimental groups showed that at the final stage of the experiment, 47% of students in the experimental group had a high level of competence; in the control group, the indicator was 21%. Teachers of foreign languages, administrations of higher educational institutions, and language schools should familiarize themselves with the research.
Key words: axiology, Russian as a foreign language, axiological linguistics, teaching the Russian language, distance learning in the context of the pandemic