Shabbat as a projection of freedom in Tanakh and rabinic Judaism
[Sabat jako projekce svobody v Tanachu a rabinskem judaismu]
Marie Roubalova – Patrik Maturkanic – Janka Bursova – Peter Kondrla – Jan Zimny
The study presents the concept of religious freedom in Judaism. It examines the Shabbat day as a consecrated day. The principle of this day is to celebrate the Lord, to experience joy, to refrain from both work and activities that are not allowed. The basic vision of freedom is to limit the influence of earthly worries, interests, and to move closer toward the Lord and the needs that are rooted in the spiritual nature of man. The study of examples from the text shows a different approach to understanding freedom from a philosophical and religious point of view. It presents the ways in which the reduction of human terrestrial orientation is achieved, including the prohibition of the mitzvah. It distinguishes between the partial goals of human existence and its ultimate goal in reaching the Lord. Restriction of freedom is interpreted as a restriction in achieving partial goals, which creates space for orientation to the last determination of man. The repetition of the Sabbat is presented as a didactic means of permanently directing man towards the final goal, which at the same time gives meaning to the existence of man as a whole being.
Key words: Freedom, Shabbat, restriction of freedom, last goal, Judaism, Tanakh