The axiological foundations of freedom phenomen: a socio-philosophical reality
Aralkhanov Baglan – Maldybek Akmaral – Amangeldiyev Assan – Almazbek Beishenaliev – Yessim Garifolla
This article analyzes and summarizes the results of historical, philosophical, and general scientific research related to the topic of freedom. The main components of the philosophical foundations of freedom that exist in the general scientific and philosophical literature are highlighted. The specificity of the problem of freedom in the context of activity theory is emphasized. The content, denotation, and axiological significance of the term "freedom management" are determined. For the first time, a synthesis of activity-based and synergetic approaches was applied to the analysis of freedom, which made it possible to analyze freedom at both the "micro" and "macro-theoretical" levels. The advantages of applying the synergetic approach to the analysis of the problem of freedom as the ability to determine the boundaries of the possible in a complex, non-linear, multivariate movement to the ideal image of the future state of the system are shown. It is shown that the measure of freedom of the subject is mainly determined by the measure of approximation to the ideal, the desire for extreme proximity to it, and as a result, the acquisition of a state of harmony. An analysis of the concepts of "freedom management" is made, and an activity-based approach is applied to the analysis of this phenomenon, which allows us to consider the concept of "freedom management" as one of the restrictions on freedom.
Key words: freedom, ethics, morality, religion, philosophy, reason, truth, God, ideal, good