Analysis of lexico-semantic and stylistic means of expressing verb tense in Russian and English
Elena S. Zakirova – Ekaterina A. Samorodova – Aleksander Kobylarek
Time, being a philosophical and logical category, is one of the main forms of the existence of matter. Also, time is a universal form of successive change of phenomena. From the standpoint of linguistics, the linguistic category of tense is a grammatical-lexical category with its forms and units for nouns, verbs, adjectives, numerals and adverbs. Tense as a category of personal forms of the verb and its stem is a grammatical and lexical category that is inherent in all verbs (which is the grammatical parameter of the category) and is somewhat different for each verb individually due to its formal and semantic features (which is the lexical parameter of the category). The subject of this article is tense as a lexical and grammatical category. The authors carry out a semantic, idio-stylistic and comparative analysis of the lexico-semantic field of the category of tense in Russian and English using observational methods, continuous sampling of lexical units, linguistic description and comparative analysis.
Key words: lexical category, lexical and grammatical analysis, lexical-semantic analysis, onomasiology, phraseology, stylistic means, tense category, English language, Russian language