Discursive strategies of using numerological expressions and paroemias
[Stratégies discursives d'utilisation des expressions numérologiques et parémies]
Sania Mukhametkaliyeva – Zhanat Smankulova – Khalima Kidirbayeva – Nurgul Ismagulova – Zhanat Bissenbayeva
Modern sciences widely use comparative methods in the study of phraseological and paremiological backgrounds based on different systems of languages. Studies identify what is common and characteristic of the analyzed linguistic units and highlight what is characteristic only of a certain language.
The universal category of quantity and the concept of number closely related to it arose from the earliest stages of the development of human thought. In addition to a logical and rational way of knowing the surrounding reality, they reflect people's faith in the mystical essence of numbers and their magical power. This irrational belief is inherent in all cultural traditions, without exception. The two ways of perceiving and knowing the surrounding reality coexist and are realized in human language. The linguistic expression of the numerical models accompanying a person in his historical development is based on cognitive knowledge, which has many universal characteristics.
The purpose of the work is to study the pragmatics of numerological units in language and the reflection of speech in speech due to many components of the lexico-semantic level and the level of speech acts.
Achieving this goal is facilitated by solving the following tasks:
1) study of the characteristics and functioning of the number in various linguistic images of the world;
2) the study of the numerological aspect in phraseological units and paroemias to identify their national and cultural specificities;
3) consideration of the meaning of number symbolism and identification of cultural codes in phraseological units and paroemias of various cultures.
The perspectives of this study are presented in another comparative analysis of the lexical (direct) and connotative meanings of linguistic units with a numerological component in other languages, as well as linguistic units that do not have a direct quantitative meaning but realize the quantitative significance in a pragmatic-discursive aspect. Such studies will contribute to a complete description of the world of numbers.
Key words: use of discursive strategies, numerological expressions, paroemias