Sociolinguistic aspects of polylinguistic (trilingualism) education in the Western region of Kazakhstan
Zhainagul Sadulova Kemaladinovna – Zhumaziya Abdrakhmanova – Murat Sabyr Bokenbaiuly – Gulzira Dauletova – Meruyet Amangaziyeva Kussainovna
The introduction of multilingual education in the Republic of Kazakhstan meets the requirements of the time since globalization processes give rise to the need to integrate the state into the world community. Solution of topical issues of multilingual education necessitates solving problems with conscious regulation of the language situation. The aim of this study is the determination of the degree of implementation of multilingual education in the western region of Kazakhstan, which plays a significant role in the economy of the country as a whole. For diagnostics and measurement language processes, a questionnaire survey was used. The results of the study showed that the implementation of multilingual education in Kazakhstan is carried out purposefully and systematically: the social communicative functions of the state language have significantly expanded and strengthened in all spheres of society, and the development is proceeding quite rapidly English language and its practical application; positions of the Russian language remain stable as a language of international communication. At the same time, among children of preschool and primary school age, a tendency to prioritize the Russian language over Kazakh, which in the near future may greatly weaken the position state language. As a result, scientific recommendations are given for the adoption of timely and adequate management decisions in the field of language building in the region under study.
Key words: multilingual education, multilingualism, language situation, language policy, Kazakhstan