"Ignorance" in ethnic culture – the philosophy of Al-Farabi
Nelya Rushanova – Akmaral Syrgakbaeva – Arman Kulshanova – Elmira Akhmetova – Ainagul Mukhamejanova
This article provides a brief overview of al-Farabi's contribution to science. Abu Nasr al-Farabi was the greatest philosopher and scientist of his time. Initially, he completed his studies in Farabi and Bukhara. Later, he went to Baghdad, where he studied and worked for a long time. During this time, al-Farabi mastered several languages and various branches of knowledge and technology.
The article identifies specific problems of ignorance in the ethical philosophy of al-Farabi, the founder of the actual political and ethical philosophy, especially Farabi's synthesis of ancient and Muslim traditions. The paper reveals the place of the Platonic political concepts. We introduce the influence of Farabi's ideas on the further development of ethical thought in Islam. In addition, the article indicates the thoughts and treatises where al-Farabi implacably and harshly criticized ignorant, weak and lazy managers, unworthy to lead even small communities. In his works, he gives the characteristic features of a "rule".
Key words: contribution to science, various branches, scientific treatises, significant works, the existence of a vacuum