2024_17_3_14 - XLinguae

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Open access Issues > Issue n_3_2024 > Section_n_3_2024
The formation of a unified social morality under conditions of ethical relativism

Klara Abisheva – Lyazat Umirzakova – Saltanat Aubakirova – Aiman Nurgazina

DOI: 10.18355/XL.2024.17.03.14

The article discusses the problems of moral differentiation of society in the conditions of the coexistence of value paradigms based on moral imperativism, tolerance, and pluralism. The relationship between morality, ethics, and moral values is characterized, and the types of moral values and ways of moral regulation in society are identified. Attention is focused on the causes of spiritual degradation of part of society and possible ways to build a humane society. The aim of the research is to study the causes of moral degradation and ethical relativism. Research methods include historical-philosophical, ethical-categorical, philosophical-conceptual, contrastive analyses, and sociological surveys. The results of the research describe the ways of moral regulation in society, the possibility of studying ethical knowledge based on methods of cognitive ethics, and the paths of humanizing individuals and society. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the application of complex research methods, the examination of the problems of ethical relativism in the information society, and the emphasis on the ethical teachings of philosophers of past and present. The conclusions drawn from the research are that: 1. the moral factionalism of society is inevitable in the conditions of coexistence of value paradigms of different orientations and groups based on professional and corporate relationships. 2. the study of a unified public morality in society is possible through the education of a humane individual and a stable society.

Key words: ethical relativism, moral differentiation, values, value principles, cultural differences, cultural meaning, pluralism

Pages: 170-186

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