Symbolization as a way of art completion in the story by A. Eniki «Unvoiced testament»
On the material of the story of the Tatar prose writer A. Eniki (1909 - 2000) «Unvoiced testament» the principles and methods of symbolical generalization, characteristic of a creative method of the writer, based on interaction of the fable and psychological and liric-philosophical beginnings in the work, are defined. They rely not on the idea of the dual world, but on considering the modern for the writer reality as crisis stage of national history. There are established semantic structure of the most significant symbolical images in the story: «home», «steppe» and «the native land», their functions and the place in art system of the whole. Methods of symbolization of the main characters (Akebi, the poet) are characterized. The conclusion is drawn that the principles of symbolical typification enrich possibilities of the realistic image of reality, characterizing one of the most important tendencies of the national historical literary process.
Key words: Tatar literature, symbol, image, motive, hero, detail, identity