2020_13_02_01 - XLinguae

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Open access Issues > Isuue n_2_2020 > section n_2_2020
"Naive anatomy" in the Kazakh language world picture in comparison with English and Russian

Zifa Temirgazina – Sergey Nikolaenko – Marzhan Akosheva – Malgorzata Luczyk – Gulmira Khamitov

DOI: 10.18355/XL.2020.13.02.01

The article explores the naive and anatomical representations of native speakers of Kazakh in comparison with English and Russian languages. For comparative study, the method of cross-linguistic analysis using descriptors - comparison parameters was chosen. Quantitative and qualitative comparison of descriptors allows us to identify common and different signs in the conceptualization of the liver and lungs. The liver, the most important concept of the naive anatomy of the Kazakhs, is the focus of kinship relations, which are the dominant social and clan organization of nomads. The liver is the main organ in Kazakh naive anatomy. It undergoes a multifaceted, versatile conceptualization in this culture. Lungs are a significant component of the naive anatomy of Kazakhs. They appear to be the carriers of exclusively negative emotions and qualities. The naive anatomy of different peoples (Russians, English) reveals common features based on the unity of the physiological and anatomical structure of a person, and features determined by national history and culture. The cross linguistic analysis of vocabulary and phraseology of the Kazakh, English, Russian languages underlines the unique picture of the world of Kazakhs concerning their perception of a liver and lungs.

Key words: naive anatomy, cross linguistic analysis, idiom, metaphorical conceptualization, metonymy

Pages: 3 - 16

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